The most important fire facts to be aware of:
Here’s a list of the most important fire facts you need to be aware of in 2015.
Fire can be a dangerous thing claiming the lives of more than 60,000 children around the world. In 2010, there were an estimated 2,000 children were injured by fire while there are roughly 400 child fire deaths. Escaping from a fire can be difficult, especially for younger children. As a result, the children ages 0-4 account for 57% of children (ages 0-14) dying in fires. If you have small children, it is especially important that you familiarize yourself with the content in this guide to keep your family safe. At the same time, boys are at higher risk of death from fire than girls.
Children under 5 as well as people over the age of 65 are twice as likely to die in a home fire when you compare them to the rest of the population, which is really quite scary to think about! These statistics are caused by very young children and seniors often not being able to safely escape by themselves, or they might simply not realize the urgency of getting out. As children grow older, their relative risk of being injured in a fire luckily decreases. Surprisingly, and controversially, 77% of families do not have a fire escape plan, a plan that could ultimately help save lives.
Fire safety facts for kids and parents
Kids playing with fire is a major fire hazard and starts roughly 50,000 reported fires every year. A good fire prevention tip is to make sure your children understand that playing with fire can be really dangerous, and they should therefore be taught how to properly deal with lighters and matches in a responsible way. Something most people aren’t aware of is the fact that it’s not the flames that kill people, usually it is the smoke, toxic gases or lack of oxygen that end up killing people, and having sprinklers and smoke alarms in your home will lower your risk of dying in a home fire by 82% compared to having neither of the two. After having read these fire safety facts for kids and parents, we hope you will remember to test your smoke alarms once a month.
Fire prevention for kids:
- Kids often find fire interesting, but a good idea is to make rules concerning their use of fire. Making the rule that your child is not allowed to use lighters or matches without the presence of an adult.
- It’s is crucial that you take fire seriously yourself. If you don’t, your children won’t either.
- When cooking, have children wear tight-fitting clothes.
- Your children must be aware of the fact that playing with fire can be very dangerous and should be avoided.
- Hot pans, oven and stove should not be left unattended when cooking.
- Pot handles must always be turned inwards, minimizing the risk of them being knocked down easily.
- If a child wants to cook on the stove top, a grown-up needs to be present.
- Always set a timer when you’re cooking food in the oven.
- Overloading electrical outlets is a potential fire hazard and should be avoided.
- If there are no adults present, portable space heaters need to be switched off.
- Store flammable liquids securely, where kids cannot get a hold of them.
- Candles must be used safely, away from things such as curtains that could easily catch fire.
- Never heat your home using the oven.
- Smoking is a major fire hazard, so watch where you do it. The best solution is to smoke outside.
- Cooking surfaces need to be kept clean and free of grease as grease can in fact start burning if it becomes sufficiently hot.
- Are electrical cords in your house damaged? Make sure to replace or repair them.
- Think about when your children are old enough to use things that could potentially start a fire.
- Got appliances that have started to smell funny, spark or overheat? Make sure to repair or replace these so they won’t start a fire.
- Outlets that aren’t being used should be covered if there are small kids around.
- Cover fire places with a screen to keep sparks from jumping out on something flammable.
- Make sure to limit distractions when you’re cooking. Less accidents happen this way.
Universal fire preparedness steps for kids and parents:
- Always have an escape plan with at least two exits out of every room.
- Test fire alarms monthly and change the batteries at least every year.
- Be sure you have enough fire alarms so you’ll hear them no matter where in the house you are and that you will be woken up if they start sounding.
- You should have smoke detectors on every floor and in every single bedroom.
- Children need to know the appropriate actions in case they hear the fire alarm.
- Essential items, such as glasses, must be kept nearby at all times, especially when sleeping.
- Fire extinguishers should be easily available, and everyone need to know how to use it properly.
- Consider whether children are old enough to get out by themselves or if they need assistance.
- Kids must be taught to stop, drop, and roll, if their clothes catch fire. This is done to extinguish flames.
- If you have a baby sitter, it is very important that this person knows how to prevent fires and has studied the fire escape plan.
- Be sure your children have fire escape plans at all the places they frequent.
Making a fire escape plan with the kids as a game
A good game to play with kids is to make a fire escape plan. This is an easy and engaging way to make sure that your children have understood how they should go about exiting the house. Kids love games, so by turning this into a game, you will help them stay safe and prepared. This is also a great fire safety activity for preschoolers and kids in school. Here is how to go about the task.
- Start out with a blank piece of paper.
- On the blank sheet of paper, get your children to draw your house clearly marking all windows and doors
- Go into all rooms and find two exits.
- Make sure that all windows and doors can be easily opened by everyone in the house
- Your house should have several smoke alarms, place one of them in the kitchen, as fires often start here. Make sure that the alarms can be heard anywhere in the house and that they’ll wake up everyone if they’re asleep.
- Find a good spot for meeting outside. If there’s ever a fire, this is where everyone will meet.
- Make sure everyone in the house knows what to do in case the fire alarm goes off.
- Memorize the phone number of your local fire department
- Practice the fire escape drill.
Steps to follow if a fire breaks out
- Follow the escape plan you have been practicing.
- Always make sure to check doors with the back of your hand before opening the door. If the door is hot, do not open it. It could be a sign that the fire is right behind the door. Go ahead and use another exit instead.
- Don’t use an elevator if there’s a fire unless you’re told to do so by the fire department.
- When you make it outside, call you local fire department. The 911 operator will need to know your address as well as the nature of your emergency.
- Once you’re outside, never go back into a burning building. Stay outside where it is safe.
- When you’re safe and the fire department has been called for, let your friends and family know that you’re okay.
Fire safety tips especially for infants and toddlers
A fire safety tip for infants and toddlers is to make sure there is a designated person who will help them out safely in case of a fire. Also, when you’re cooking over a stove, don’t carry a baby.
Fire safety tips for little children, preschoolers and kids in kindergarten
A very important fire safety tip for little children, preschoolers and kids in kindergarten is to make sure to teach them never to play with matches or lighter. They have an age where fire is really starting to seem interesting, and they must be taught that fire is dangerous. Small children and preschoolers also need to be taught how to respond to the sound of a smoke alarm and should be introduced to fire safety when they’re old enough to understand what is being taught.
Fire safety tips for older kids
When the time comes around, teach older kids not to use candles in their bedrooms unless it is being supervised by an adult.
We hope you have enjoyed these fire safety tips for kids. Finally, always use caution and good judgement when handling fire. Fire can spread quickly and has no mercy.